C++抓图服务

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基于前两篇抓图文章,本文将抓图提取为一个服务,实现不同场景下抓图需求的封装。

C++使用BitBlt进行窗口抓图

C++使用PrintWindow进行窗口抓图

首先是抓图服务:

ICaptureHelper.h

#pragma once

#include <windows.h>
#include <string>
using std::string;

class ICaptureHelper
{
public:
    virtual ~ICaptureHelper() {}
    virtual bool Init(const string& windowName) = 0;
    virtual bool Init(HWND hwnd) = 0;
    virtual void Cleanup() = 0;
    virtual bool RefreshWindow() = 0;
    virtual bool ChangeWindowHandle(const string& windowName) = 0;
    virtual bool ChangeWindowHandle(HWND hwnd) = 0;
    virtual bool Capture() = 0;

    virtual const RECT& GetWindowRect() const = 0;
    virtual const RECT& GetClientRect() const = 0;
    virtual int GetBitmapDataSize() const = 0;
    virtual HBITMAP GetBitmap() const = 0;
    virtual void* GetBitmapAddress() const = 0;
};

CaptureService.h

#pragma once

#include "ICaptureHelper.h"
#include <map>
using std::map;

class CaptureService
{
public:
    CaptureService() = default;
    static CaptureService& GetInstance();

    enum CaptureType
    {
        //使用CreateDIBSection抓图,速度快,但是无法抓取D3D等渲染的窗口
        CreateDibSection = 0,

        //使用PrintWindow抓图,速度慢(16ms左右),但是可以抓取D3D等渲染的窗口
        PrintWindow
    };

    bool RegisterCapture(string name, string windowName, CaptureType type = CreateDibSection); //注册抓图服务
    bool RegisterCapture(string name, HWND hwnd, CaptureType type = CreateDibSection); //注册抓图服务
    void UnRegisterCapture(string name); //注销抓图服务
    bool IsRegister(string name); //获取是否已注册抓图服务

    bool RefreshWindow(string name); //刷新窗口
    bool ChangeWindowHandle(string name, string windowName); //修改窗口句柄
    bool ChangeWindowHandle(string name, HWND hwnd); //修改窗口句柄
    bool Capture(string name); //抓图

    bool GetWindowRect(string name, RECT& winRect); //获取窗口尺寸
    bool GetClientRect(string name, RECT& clientRect); //获取窗口客户区尺寸
    bool GetBitmapDataSize(string name, int& bmpDataSize); //获取抓图数据大小
    bool GetBitmap(string name, HBITMAP& bitmap); //获取窗口位图
    bool GetBitmapAddress(string name, void** bitsPtr); //获取窗口位图地址

    void Cleanup(); //清理所有抓图服务

private:
    ~CaptureService();

private:
    map<string, ICaptureHelper*> captureHelpers_;
};

CaptureService.cpp

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "CaptureService.h"
#include "DibCaptureHelper.h"
#include "PrintCaptureHelper.h"


CaptureService::~CaptureService()
{
    Cleanup();
}

CaptureService& CaptureService::GetInstance()
{
    static CaptureService instance;
    return instance;
}

bool CaptureService::RegisterCapture(string name, string windowName, CaptureType type /* = CreateDibSection */)
{
    const auto hwnd = ::FindWindowA(nullptr, windowName.c_str());
    return RegisterCapture(name, hwnd, type);
}

bool CaptureService::RegisterCapture(string name, HWND hwnd, CaptureType type /* = CreateDibSection */)
{
    if (name.empty() || captureHelpers_.find(name) != captureHelpers_.end())
    {
        return false;
    }

    ICaptureHelper* helper;
    switch (type)
    {
    case CreateDibSection:
        helper = new DibCaptureHelper();
        break;
    case PrintWindow:
        helper = new PrintCaptureHelper();
        break;
    default:
        return false;
    }

    if (helper == nullptr)
    {
        return false;
    }

    if (!helper->Init(hwnd))
    {
        delete helper;
        return false;
    }

    captureHelpers_[name] = helper;
    return true;
}

void CaptureService::UnRegisterCapture(string name)
{
    if (name.empty() || captureHelpers_.find(name) == captureHelpers_.end())
    {
        return;
    }

    auto* captureHelper = captureHelpers_[name];
    if (captureHelper != nullptr)
    {
        captureHelper->Cleanup();
        delete captureHelper;
    }

    captureHelpers_.erase(name);
}

bool CaptureService::IsRegister(string name)
{
    return !name.empty() && captureHelpers_.find(name) != captureHelpers_.end();
}

bool CaptureService::RefreshWindow(string name)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    return captureHelpers_[name]->RefreshWindow();
}

bool CaptureService::ChangeWindowHandle(string name, string windowName)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    return captureHelpers_[name]->ChangeWindowHandle(windowName);
}

bool CaptureService::ChangeWindowHandle(string name, HWND hwnd)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    return captureHelpers_[name]->ChangeWindowHandle(hwnd);
}

bool CaptureService::Capture(string name)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    return captureHelpers_[name]->Capture();
}

bool CaptureService::GetWindowRect(string name, RECT& winRect)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    winRect = captureHelpers_[name]->GetWindowRect();
    return true;
}

bool CaptureService::GetClientRect(string name, RECT& clientRect)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    clientRect = captureHelpers_[name]->GetClientRect();
    return true;
}

bool CaptureService::GetBitmapDataSize(string name, int& bmpDataSize)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    bmpDataSize = captureHelpers_[name]->GetBitmapDataSize();
    return true;
}

bool CaptureService::GetBitmap(string name, HBITMAP& bitmap)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    bitmap = captureHelpers_[name]->GetBitmap();
    return true;
}

bool CaptureService::GetBitmapAddress(string name, void** bitsPtr)
{
    if (!IsRegister(name))
    {
        return false;
    }
    *bitsPtr = captureHelpers_[name]->GetBitmapAddress();
    return true;
}

void CaptureService::Cleanup()
{
    for (auto iter = captureHelpers_.cbegin(); iter != captureHelpers_.cend(); ++iter)
    {
        auto* captureHelper = iter->second;
        if (captureHelper != nullptr)
        {
            captureHelper->Cleanup();
            delete captureHelper;
        }
    }
    captureHelpers_.clear();
}

其次是抓图代码封装:

AbsCaptureHelper.h

#pragma once

#include "ICaptureHelper.h"

class AbsCaptureHelper : public ICaptureHelper
{
public:
    AbsCaptureHelper();
    virtual ~AbsCaptureHelper();

    bool Init(const string& windowName) override;
    bool Init(HWND hwnd) override;
    void Cleanup() override;
    bool RefreshWindow() override;
    bool ChangeWindowHandle(const string& windowName) override;
    bool ChangeWindowHandle(HWND hwnd) override;
    bool Capture() override;

    const RECT& GetWindowRect() const override { return windowRect_; }
    const RECT& GetClientRect() const override { return clientRect_; }
    int GetBitmapDataSize() const override { return bmpDataSize_; }
    HBITMAP GetBitmap() const override { return bitmap_; }
    void* GetBitmapAddress() const override { return bitsPtr_; }

protected:
    virtual bool InitDC(const BITMAPINFO& bitmapInfo) = 0;
    virtual bool DoCapture() = 0;

protected:
    HWND hwnd_;
    HDC scrDc_;
    HDC memDc_;
    HBITMAP bitmap_;
    HBITMAP oldBitmap_;
    void* bitsPtr_;

    RECT windowRect_;
    RECT clientRect_;
    int bmpDataSize_;
};

AbsCaptureHelper.cpp

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "AbsCaptureHelper.h"


AbsCaptureHelper::AbsCaptureHelper()
    : hwnd_(nullptr)
    , scrDc_(nullptr)
    , memDc_(nullptr)
    , bitmap_(nullptr)
    , oldBitmap_(nullptr)
    , bitsPtr_(nullptr)
    , windowRect_{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
    , clientRect_{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
    , bmpDataSize_(0)
{
}

AbsCaptureHelper::~AbsCaptureHelper()
{
    AbsCaptureHelper::Cleanup();
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::Init(const string& windowName)
{
    const auto handle = ::FindWindowA(nullptr, windowName.c_str());
    if (handle == nullptr)
    {
        return false;
    }

    return Init(handle);
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::Init(HWND hwnd)
{
    hwnd_ = hwnd;

    //获取窗口大小
    if (!::GetWindowRect(hwnd_, &windowRect_) || !::GetClientRect(hwnd_, &clientRect_))
    {
        return false;
    }

    const auto clientRectWidth = clientRect_.right - clientRect_.left;
    const auto clientRectHeight = clientRect_.bottom - clientRect_.top;
    bmpDataSize_ = clientRectWidth * clientRectHeight * 4;

    //位图信息
    BITMAPINFO bitmapInfo;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biSize = sizeof(bitmapInfo);
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biWidth = clientRectWidth;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biHeight = clientRectHeight;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biPlanes = 1;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biBitCount = 32;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biSizeImage = clientRectWidth * clientRectHeight;
    bitmapInfo.bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;

    return InitDC(bitmapInfo);
}

void AbsCaptureHelper::Cleanup()
{
    if (bitmap_ == nullptr)
    {
        return;
    }

    //删除用过的对象
    ::SelectObject(memDc_, oldBitmap_);
    ::DeleteObject(bitmap_);
    ::DeleteDC(memDc_);
    ::ReleaseDC(hwnd_, scrDc_);

    hwnd_ = nullptr;
    scrDc_ = nullptr;
    memDc_ = nullptr;
    bitmap_ = nullptr;
    oldBitmap_ = nullptr;
    bitsPtr_ = nullptr;
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::RefreshWindow()
{
    const auto hwnd = hwnd_;
    Cleanup();
    return Init(hwnd);
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::ChangeWindowHandle(const string& windowName)
{
    Cleanup();
    return Init(windowName);
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::ChangeWindowHandle(HWND hwnd)
{
    Cleanup();
    return Init(hwnd);
}

bool AbsCaptureHelper::Capture()
{
    if (bitmap_ == nullptr || memDc_ == nullptr || scrDc_ == nullptr)
    {
        return false;
    }

    return DoCapture();
}

DibCaptureHelper.h

#pragma once

#include "AbsCaptureHelper.h"

class DibCaptureHelper : public AbsCaptureHelper
{
public:
    DibCaptureHelper();
    virtual ~DibCaptureHelper();

protected:
    bool InitDC(const BITMAPINFO& bitmapInfo) override;
    bool DoCapture() override;

private:
    bool saveBitmap_;
    int mockPageNumber;
    int bmpCount_;
};

DibCaptureHelper.cpp

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "DibCaptureHelper.h"
#include <sstream>

static int BmpCount = 0;
static int BmpMaxCount = 50;

DibCaptureHelper::DibCaptureHelper()
    : saveBitmap_(false)
    , mockPageNumber(++BmpCount)
    , bmpCount_(0)
{
}

DibCaptureHelper::~DibCaptureHelper()
{
}

bool DibCaptureHelper::InitDC(const BITMAPINFO& bitmapInfo)
{
    scrDc_ = ::GetWindowDC(hwnd_);
    memDc_ = ::CreateCompatibleDC(scrDc_);

    bitmap_ = ::CreateDIBSection(memDc_, &bitmapInfo, DIB_RGB_COLORS, &bitsPtr_, nullptr, 0);
    if (bitmap_ == nullptr)
    {
        ::DeleteDC(memDc_);
        ::ReleaseDC(hwnd_, scrDc_);
        return false;
    }

    oldBitmap_ = static_cast<HBITMAP>(::SelectObject(memDc_, bitmap_));
    return true;
}

bool DibCaptureHelper::DoCapture()
{
    const auto clientRectWidth = clientRect_.right - clientRect_.left;
    const auto clientRectHeight = clientRect_.bottom - clientRect_.top;

    const auto ret = ::BitBlt(
        memDc_, 0, 0, clientRectWidth, clientRectHeight,
        scrDc_, 0, 0, SRCCOPY);

    return ret != 0;
}

PrintCaptureHelper.h

#pragma once

#include "AbsCaptureHelper.h"

class PrintCaptureHelper : public AbsCaptureHelper
{
public:
    PrintCaptureHelper();
    virtual ~PrintCaptureHelper();

protected:
    bool InitDC(const BITMAPINFO& bitmapInfo) override;
    bool DoCapture() override;
};

PrintCaptureHelper.cpp

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "PrintCaptureHelper.h"


PrintCaptureHelper::PrintCaptureHelper()
{
}

PrintCaptureHelper::~PrintCaptureHelper()
{
}

bool PrintCaptureHelper::InitDC(const BITMAPINFO& bitmapInfo)
{
    scrDc_ = ::GetWindowDC(hwnd_);
    memDc_ = ::CreateCompatibleDC(scrDc_);

    bitmap_ = ::CreateDIBSection(scrDc_, &bitmapInfo, DIB_RGB_COLORS, &bitsPtr_, nullptr, 0);
    if (bitmap_ == nullptr)
    {
        ::DeleteDC(memDc_);
        ::ReleaseDC(hwnd_, scrDc_);
        return false;
    }
    
    oldBitmap_ = static_cast<HBITMAP>(::SelectObject(memDc_, bitmap_));
    return true;
}

bool PrintCaptureHelper::DoCapture()
{
    const auto ret = ::PrintWindow(hwnd_, memDc_, PW_CLIENTONLY | PW_RENDERFULLCONTENT);
    return ret != 0;
}

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