【题解】Building Strings Gym – 102152E

0
6

【题面】

You are given a string s of length n consisting of lowercase English letters. This string can be used to build other strings. The cost of each letter in s is given by another string c of length n consisting of digits, such that the cost of using the letter si is ci coins.

Also, you are given another string p of length m consisting of unique lowercase English letters. Your task is to find the minimum cost to build string p by using the letters of s. Can you?

Input
The first line contains an integer T (1≤T≤500) specifying the number of test cases.

The first line of each test case contains two integers n and m (1≤n≤103,1≤m≤26), in which n is the length of strings s and c, and m is the length of string p.

Then 3 lines follow, each line contains a string, giving the string s, c, and p, respectively. Both strings s and p contains only lowercase English letters, while string c contains only digits. Also, string p is consisting of unique letters.

Output
For each test case, print a single line containing the minimum cost of building the string p by using the letters of string s. If string p cannot be built using string s, print −1.

Example
Input
3
4 2
abcd
1234
ac
4 4
abcd
1234
abec
5 3
abcba
24513
acb
Output
4
-1
8
Note
In the first test case, you have to use the 1st and 3rd letters of string s to build string p. So, the total cost is 1+3=4.

In the second test case, you cannot build string p using s because the letter ‘e’ from p does not exist in s. So, the answer is −1.

In the third test case, the optimal way is to use the 1st, 3rd, and 4th letters of string s to build p. So, the total cost is 2+5+1=8.
【AC代码】

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
using namespace std;

char a[1005];
char str[1005];
char b[1000];
int main()
{
int t, n, m, i, j, k;
scanf("%d", &t);
while (t--)
{
int t[1005];
memset(t, -1, sizeof(t));
scanf("%d%d", &n, &m);
scanf("%s", str);
scanf("%s", a);
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
if (t[str[i]] > a[i]-'0'||t[str[i]]==-1)
t[str[i]] = a[i]-'0';
}
int ans = 0;
scanf("%s", b);
int flag = 0;
for (i = 0; i < strlen(b); i++)
{
if (t[b[i]] == -1)
{
flag = 1;
break;
}
ans += t[b[i]];
}
if (flag)
printf("-1\n");
else
printf("%d\n", ans);
}
return 0;
}

【心得】

C++数组的下标可以是字符的。

解释如下:

  1. C++中字符在计算机内存储的是字符的ASCII码;

  2. 而ASCII码实质是数字,例如‘a’是97,‘A’是65;

  3. 如果用字符作为下标,实质就是用该字符的ASCII码作为下标;

  4. 但是在用字符作为下标时没有数字直观,容易引起数组越界,因此不建议这样用。

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