awk - 用于从两个不同文件中删除冗余行的脚本

awk - 用于从两个不同文件中删除冗余行的脚本,第1张

我将用一个例子解释我的问题

我在Solaris

中有以下文件

文件1

1 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U386.A0 I have some text here 
1 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U386.A1 I have some text here 
2 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U246.A0 I have some text here 
2 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U246.A1 I have some text here 
3 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A0 I have some text here 
3 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A1 I have some text here 
3 INST C 1 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U64.A1  I have some text here 
4 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A0 I have some text here 
4 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A1 I have some text here
5 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A0 I have some text here 
5 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A1 I have some text here 
6 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U375.A0 I have some text here 
6 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U375.A1 I have some text here 
7 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U98.A   I have some text here 
8 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U392.A0 I have some text here 
8 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U392.A1 I have some text here 
9 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U372.A0 I have some text here 
10 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U372.A1 I have some text here 
11 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U184.A  I have some text here 
12 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U97.B   I have some text here

file2的

INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A0
INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A1
INST C 1 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U64.A1 
INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A0
INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A1
INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A0
INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A1

现在我以file2为参考,打印file1

中匹配的所有行

预期输出为:

3 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A0 I have some text here 
3 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A1 I have some text here 
3 INST C 1 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U64.A1  I have some text here 
4 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A0 I have some text here 
4 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A1 I have some text here 
5 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A0 I have some text here 
5 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A1 I have some text here 

我试过grep

grep -F -x -f file1 -v file2 > file3

fgrep

fgrep -x -f file1 -v file2 > file3

基于来自 stackoverflow 的几个帖子。但没有找到我需要的东西。由于我是首发,我真的很困惑,找不到这个方法。非常感谢您的帮助

最佳答案:

1 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:1)

这对你有用:

grep -Ff file2 file1 >file3

使用您的文件进行测试:

kent$  grep -Ff f2 f1
3 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A0 I have some text here
3 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U385.A1 I have some text here
3 INST C 1 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U64.A1 I have some text here
4 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A0 I have some text here
4 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U384.A1 I have some text here
5 INST N 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A0 I have some text here
5 INST C 0 top.gbp.stg1.stg2.stg3.stg4.stg5.stg6.stg6.U390.A1 I have some text here
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