c - 语法错误:在'常数'之前缺少')'

c - 语法错误:在'常数'之前缺少')',第1张

我有一些语法问题,我不知道如何修复。我正在尝试为矩阵构建一些函数,有人可以帮我解决这些问题吗?

1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(11): error C2143: syntax error : missing ')' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(11): error C2143: syntax error : missing '{' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(11): error C2059: syntax error : '<Unknown>'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(11): error C2059: syntax error : ')'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(12): error C2143: syntax error : missing ')' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(12): error C2143: syntax error : missing '{' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(12): error C2059: syntax error : '<Unknown>'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(12): error C2059: syntax error : ')'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(13): error C2143: syntax error : missing ')' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(13): error C2143: syntax error : missing '{' before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(13): error C2059: syntax error : '<Unknown>'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(13): error C2059: syntax error : ')'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(27): warning C4013: 'initMatrix' undefined; assuming extern returning int
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(29): warning C4013: 'completeMatrix' undefined; assuming extern returning int
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(30): warning C4013: 'displayMatrix' undefined; assuming extern returning int before 'constant'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(146): error C2059: syntax error : '<Unknown>'
1>c:\documents and settings\one\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\hw3\hw3\q2.c(146): error C2059: syntax error : ')'

以下是代码:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <math.h>

#define N 10
#define MAX_CHAR 9
int checkString(char *str);
void replacingLetters(char *str);
int countWords(char *str);
int * initMatrix(int M, int N);
void completeMatrix(char *str,int *arr,int M, int N);
void displayMatrix(int *arr,int M, int N);
int main() 
{
    int *res;
    int numOfWords;
    char inputFromUser[N*MAX_CHAR];
    printf("Please insert a string : ");
    gets(inputFromUser);

    if (1 == checkString(inputFromUser))
    {
        replacingLetters(inputFromUser);
        numOfWords = countWords(inputFromUser);

     *res = initMatrix(26,numOfWords);

        completeMatrix(inputFromUser,res,26,numOfWords);
        displayMatrix(res,26,numOfWords);
    }

    return 0;
}

int checkString(char *str)
{
    int stringLen = 0;
    int i = 0;

    stringLen = strlen(str);

    for (i = 0 ; i < stringLen ;   i)
    {
        if ((str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z') || 
            (str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z') ||
            (str[i] == ' '))
        {
            continue;
        }

        return 0;
    }

    return 1;
}

void replacingLetters(char *str)
{
    int stringLen = 0;
    int i = 0;

    stringLen = strlen(str);

    for (i = 0 ; i < stringLen ;   i)
    {
        if (str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z')
        {
            str[i] = str[i] - 'A'   'a';
        }
    }
}

int countWords(char *str)
{
    int stringLen = 0;
    int i = 0;
    int numberOfWords = 0;
    int isNewWord = 1;

    stringLen = strlen(str);

    for (i = 0 ; i < stringLen ;   i)
    {
        if (str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z')
        {
            if (isNewWord == 1)
            {
                numberOfWords  ;
                isNewWord = 0;
            }
        }

        if (str[i] == ' ')
        {
            isNewWord = 1;
        }
    }

    return numberOfWords;
}

int * initMatrix(int M, int N)
{
    int * retVal = 0;
    int i,j;
    retVal = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int) *N *M);

    for ( i = 0 ; i < N ;   i)
    {
        for ( j = 0 ; j < M ;   j)
        {
            retVal[i*M   j] = 0;
        }
    }
    return retVal;
}

void completeMatrix(char *str,int *arr,int M, int N)
{
    int numOfWords = 0;
    int wordIdx = 0;
    int idx = 0;
    int idxInWord = 1;

    if (1 == checkString(str))
    {
        replacingLetters(str);
        numOfWords = countWords(str);

        for (wordIdx = 0; wordIdx < numOfWords ;   wordIdx)
        {
            idxInWord = 1;
            while((str[idx] != 0) && (str[idx] != ' '))
            {
                arr[wordIdx * M    str[idx] - 'a'] = arr[wordIdx * M    str[idx] - 'a']*10   idxInWord;
                idx  ;
                idxInWord  ;
            }

            idx  ;
        }
    }
}

void displayMatrix(int *arr,int M, int N)
{
    int i,j;

    for ( i = 0 ; i < _N ;   i)
    {
        for ( j = M -1 ; j >= 0 ; --j)
        {
            printf("%d ",_arr[i*M   j]);
        }
        printf("\n\n");
    }
}

最佳答案:

1 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:6)

#define是preproclass="superseo">cessor MACRO,在预处理阶段充当文本替换。在你的情况下,使用像

这样的MACRO
#define N 10

然后使用类似

的功能
void displayMatrix(int *arr,int M, int N);

原来是

void displayMatrix(int *arr,int M, int 10);  //note the int 10 part

基本上用N替换所有出现的10,然后变为非法。您需要为函数参数设置int变量类型,而不是int字面值。

将函数参数中出现的所有int N更改为其他变量名称。

那就是说,

  1. gets()严重受缓冲区溢出问题的影响。请改用fgets()
  2. Do not cast malloc()C和家人的返回值。
  3. main()的推荐签名为int main(void)
  4. 本文经用户投稿或网站收集转载,如有侵权请联系本站。

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