VBA- 激活打开的文件

VBA- 激活打开的文件,第1张

我有一个工作宏,它循环遍历文件夹以打开文件并从名称栏中获取重要信息" HOLDER"和"切割工具"并将所有信息打印到一个excel文档,masterfile。它还将文件名打印到第1列以及"工具数据表"的名称。第4栏。

我正在创建一个按钮,可以在一个文件上运行搜索,您可以在文本框中键入该文件。它完美地工作,除了它打开一个文件,读取它,并让它打开。我希望它关闭文件,但我的主文件是活动表。我无法将打开的文件设置为特定名称,因为它需要打开我打开的任何文件,而不仅仅是一个特定文件。

如何在没有特定名称的情况下切换活动工作表的任何想法?

Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()


'Set folder path where the file is located
Const TDS_PATH = "C:\Users\trembos\Documents\TDS\progress\"

'Clear out any info on current page
Sheets("Sheet1").Range("A2:D7557").Clear

'TextBox1.Text = ".xlsx"
'TextBox1.Font.Italic = True

'input checking
If TextBox1.Text = "" Then
    MsgBox ("Please enter a file to search for")
End If


'Dim WB As Workbook
'Set WB = Workbooks.Open(objFile.Name, UpdateLinks:=0)
'Set ws = WB.ActiveSheet


'If the File we are searching for exists in the path
If TextBox1.Text <> "" Then

    'Disable screen updating for performance/aesthetics
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False

    'Open the workbook we searched for (ReadOnly)
    Workbooks.Open TDS_PATH & TextBox1.Text, ReadOnly:=True
    Set Workbook = ThisWorkbook

    'Copy the range we are interested in



    Const ROW_HEADER As Long = 10

    Dim objFSO As Object
    Dim objFolder As Object
    Dim objFile As Object
    Dim MyFolder As String
    Dim StartSht As Worksheet, ws As Worksheet
    Dim WB As Workbook
    Dim i As Integer
    Dim LastRow As Integer, erow As Integer
    Dim Height As Integer
    Dim FinalRow As Long
    Dim f As String
    Dim dict As Object
    Dim hc As Range, hc1 As Range, hc2 As Range, hc3 As Range, hc4 As Range, hc5 As Range, d As Range

    Set StartSht = Workbooks("masterfile.xlsm").Sheets("Sheet1")

    MyFolder = "C:\Users\trembos\Documents\TDS\progress\"

    Set hc1 = HeaderCell(StartSht.Range("B1"), "HOLDER")
    Set hc2 = HeaderCell(StartSht.Range("C1"), "CUTTING TOOL")


    'create an instance of the FileSystemObject
    Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
    'get the folder object
    Set objFolder = objFSO.GetFolder(MyFolder)

    i = 2

        'Set WB = Workbooks
        Set ws = ActiveSheet

        Set hc = HeaderCell(ws.Cells(ROW_HEADER, 1), "CUTTING TOOL")
        If Not hc Is Nothing Then

            Set dict = GetValues(hc.Offset(1, 0), "SplitMe")
            If dict.count > 0 Then
                Set d = StartSht.Cells(Rows.count, hc2.Column).End(xlUp).Offset(1, 0)
                'add the values to the master list, column 3
                d.Resize(dict.count, 1).Value = Application.Transpose(dict.items)
            End If
        Else
            'header not found on source worksheet
        End If
'(4)
        'find HOLDER on the source sheet
        Set hc3 = HeaderCell(ws.Cells(ROW_HEADER, 1), "HOLDER")
        If Not hc3 Is Nothing Then
            Set dict = GetValues(hc3.Offset(1, 0))
            'If InStr(ROW_HEADER, "HOLDER") <> "" Then
            If dict.count > 0 Then
                Set d = StartSht.Cells(Rows.count, hc1.Column).End(xlUp).Offset(1, 0)
                'add the values to the master list, column 2
                d.Resize(dict.count, 1).Value = Application.Transpose(dict.items)
            End If
            'End If
        Else
            'header not found on source worksheet
        End If

'(5)
    With ws
        'print TDS information
                'print the file name to Column 1
                StartSht.Cells(i, 1) = TextBox1.Text
                StartSht.Range(StartSht.Cells(i, 1), StartSht.Cells(GetLastRowInColumn(StartSht, "C"), 1)) = TextBox1.Text

                'print TDS name from J1 cell to Column 4
                'With ws
                    .Range("J1").Copy StartSht.Cells(i, 4)
                    .Range("J1").Copy StartSht.Range(StartSht.Cells(i, 4), StartSht.Cells(GetLastRowInColumn(StartSht, "C"), 4))
                'End With
                i = GetLastRowInSheet(StartSht)   1
        'move to next file
'(6)
        'close, do not save any changes to the opened files
        StartSht.d 'SaveChanges:=False
    End With

End If

'(7)
'turn screen updating back on
ActiveWindow.ScrollRow = 1

    'Re-enable screen updating
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True

    'Let the user know if the file is not found
If TextBox1.Text = "" Then
    MsgBox ("File not found!")
End If

End Sub

'Private Sub TextBox1_GotFocus()
'    TextBox1.Text = ""
'    TextBox1.Font.Italic = False
'End Sub

'(8)
'get all unique column values starting at cell c
Function GetValues(ch As Range, Optional vSplit As Variant) As Object
    Dim dict As Object
    Dim rng As Range, c As Range
    Dim v
    Dim spl As Variant

    Set dict = CreateObject("scripting.dictionary")

    For Each c In ch.Parent.Range(ch, ch.Parent.Cells(Rows.count, ch.Column).End(xlUp)).Cells
        v = Trim(c.Value)
        If Len(v) > 0 And Not dict.exists(v) Then

            'exclude any info after ";"
            If Not IsMissing(vSplit) Then
            spl = Split(v, ";")
            v = spl(0)
            End If

            'exclude any info after ","
            If Not IsMissing(vSplit) Then
            spl = Split(v, ",")
            v = spl(0)
            End If

            dict.Add c.Address, v
        End If
    Next c
    Set GetValues = dict
End Function

'(9)
'find a header on a row: returns Nothing if not found
Function HeaderCell(rng As Range, sHeader As String) As Range
    Dim rv As Range, c As Range
    For Each c In rng.Parent.Range(rng, rng.Parent.Cells(rng.Row, Columns.count).End(xlToLeft)).Cells
        'copy cell value if it contains some string "holder" or "cutting tool"
        If InStr(c.Value, sHeader) <> 0 Then
            Set rv = c
            Exit For
        End If
    Next c
    Set HeaderCell = rv
End Function

'(10)
Function GetLastRowInColumn(theWorksheet As Worksheet, col As String)
    With theWorksheet
        GetLastRowInColumn = .Range(col & .Rows.count).End(xlUp).Row
    End With
End Function


'(11)
Function GetLastRowInSheet(theWorksheet As Worksheet)
Dim ret
    With theWorksheet
        If Application.WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Cells) <> 0 Then
            ret = .Cells.Find(What:="*", _
                          After:=.Range("A1"), _
                          LookAt:=xlPart, _
                          LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
                          SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
                          SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
                          MatchCase:=False).Row
        Else
            ret = 1
        End If
    End With
    GetLastRowInSheet = ret
End Function

最佳答案:

1 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:2)

您的代码中已经有答案:
set wb=workbooks.open...
当你不再需要它时wb.close

另一种方法可能是遍历所有打开的工作簿并检查其名称:
For Each wb In Application.Workbooks
If wb.name=textbox1.text Then wb.close
Next wb

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